“Lumad” is the shortened form of Katawhang Lumad, the self-ascription of the indigenous peoples of Mindanao. Katawhang Lumad, which literally translates to Indigenous Peoples, is the autonym that was adopted by the delegates of  the Lumad Mindanao Peoples Federation (LMPF) in 1986. The word Lumad was derived from Cebuano – the common tongue of the delegates.

Following the bondage of Martial Law, on June 26, 1986, tribe representatives convened at the Guadalupe Formation Center, Balindog, Kidapawan City, Cotabato, Philippines, to formalize their collective identity as “Lumads.”

The main objective of the convention was to facilitate the self-determination of the indigenous peoples in Mindanao. Such self-determination endeavored to fortify the Indigenous Peoples’ visions for self-governance of their ancestral lands and for the protection of their traditional laws and culture.

According to the National Commission for the Culture and the Arts, there were 15 out of 18 tribes that attended the convention in Kidapawan. They were the Subanen, B’laan, Mandaya, Higaonon, Banwaon, Talaandig, Ubo, Manobo, T’boli, Tiruray,Bagobo,Tagakaolo, Dibabawon, Manguangan, and Mansaka.

Lumad is a Cebuano word which means “native” or “indigenous.”